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>> Eneropa by Rem Koolhaas __________


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„Biomassburg, Geothermalia, Solaria, the Tidal States, Isles of Wind, Hyropia:  “Eneropa” appears as a new continent based on its energy production“.

Eneropa | Roadmap 2050

AMO | Studie für ein CO² neutrales Europa

Eneropa zeichnet die Karten neu und lässt  Südtirol in „Central Hydropia“ liegen. Rem Koolhaas und sein Design- und Forschungslabor AMO, das Pendant seines Architekturbüros OMA, wurde bereits 2001 von dem damaligen Präsidenten der EU Kommission Romano Prodi eingeladen, in Form einer Studie über die Bedürfnisse, den Nutzen und die Funktion einer Europäischen Hauptstadt nachzudenken. Während sich diese Studie mit der Geschichte Europas (EU), dem Status quo, dem Sein und Werden in formal visueller Beziehung beschäftigte, will „Roadmap 2050“ Weichen stellen. 2009 bekannten sich die Mitglieder des EU Rates zu einer CO² Reduktion von 80-95% bis zum Jahre 2050.

Minus 80 oder gar 95% CO² Ausstoß? Wie soll das funktionieren? Rem Koolhaas gibt die Antwort: Zusammen mit Cosultingunternehmen wie McKinsey und Oxford Economics, dem Imperial College London und diversen Niederländischen Forschungsinstitutionen wurde die Roadmap 2050 erstellt.

>> Die gesamte Studie von AMO auf 142 Seiten  [pdf]


Through the complete integration and synchronization of the EU’s energy infrastructure, Europe can take maximum advantage of its geographical diversity. The report’s findings show that by 2050, the simultaneous presence of various renewable energy sources within the EU can create a complementary system of energy provision ensuring energy security for future generations.

The proposal’s starting point is the fact that renewable energy sources such as wind and sunshine are erratic and unreliable, which means they have to be supported by other forms of power. But they are also available in different quantities in different places – wind is abundant in Britain, sun in Spain, waterpower in the Alps – and in different seasons. The big idea is to create a power network across the continent linking all these sources, which could then compensate for each other. If it was windless in Britain but sunny in Spain, power could travel from them to us, and vice versa.

This is a political, as well as a technical proposal. „You can use this project to create integration. It creates a very pragmatic reason to integrate,“ says De Graaf. It coincides with work the OMA has been doing for several years on the ways that the European Union represents itself, through their design and research subsidiary AMO, which „operates in areas beyond the traditional boundaries of architecture“. Koolhaas is a member of the EU’s Reflection Group, whose job is to think about what might happen a decade or two hence.

With a cheeky, provocative tone typical of OMA, they even show a map of Europe redrawn as „Eneropa“, with regions defined by their energy source. Ireland and the western half of Britain become the „tidal states“, while the eastern half forms part of the „isles of wind“. Former Yugoslavia is miraculously reunited as „Biomassburg“. Most of Portugal, Spain, Italy and Greece become „Solaria“. OMA shows images of these places, like postcards from the future, with batteries of turbines, or plumes of geothermal steam.

OMA says that its plan makes sense, even if you exclude climate issues. It has produced figures to show that the scheme would not cost all that much per head, especially when compared with road-building, war in Iraq, or bailing out bankers. They point out the benefit of reducing reliance on Middle Eastern oil and Russian gas. They argue that the economic benefits would outweigh the costs. They say that a reduction of even more than 80% could be achieved if North Africa, with all its sunshine, could be included in the grid. Their plan, they say, is „not rooted in apocalyptic hysteria“, but is eminently practical.

>> Die gesamte Studie  [pdf]

>> Roadmap 2050

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